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What Is Interior Design?

Interior design is an integrative practice that utilizes processes and strategies to produce an environment that fulfills human needs. Interior designers employ art and science in designing spaces into functional, aesthetically pleasing areas linked with their organization’s business strategy and goals.

Interior designers specialize in maximising the potential of space by selecting furniture and fixtures carefully, producing 2D or 3D design drawings, mood boards and project visualisations.


Color can be an essential way to express ourselves when designing an interior space, from vibrant hues to subtler pastel tones. Beyond aesthetic appeal, each hue also has psychological properties which influence our reactions and perception of our surroundings.

Red is known to stimulate hunger while yellow symbolizes joy, enthusiasm and happiness. Brown often creates an authentic or traditional look while gold symbolically signifies wealth and prosperity.

Interior designers use color theory to select appropriate hues for their client’s homes or professional property. Interior designers may employ complementary schemes, which fall on opposite ends of the color wheel, or value contrast, which combines high-key (lighter values) with lower key (darker values). A chromatic scheme becomes even more dynamic when both types of contrast exist in conjunction with unifying tones.


Lighting is one of the cornerstones of interior design, as it creates an atmosphere and aesthetic for every space it inhabits by creating visual illusions and injecting life into rooms that otherwise feel flat or lifeless.

Designers use various types of lighting to highlight key features and aspects of a room or space, as well as ensure it is evenly distributed to prevent shadows or dark spots in a space.

A room or space’s orientation determines its quality of natural sunlight. Morning sun tends to be crisp and clear while afternoon and evening light is warmer and redder, providing insight into which colours to select for interior decor choices as well as considering their effects on people’s mood and energy levels.


Space planning is an integral component of interior design. This practice involves placing furniture, fixtures and practical components strategically within a room to improve its layout and usability as well as taking into account how people move through it and what activities will take place there.

Negative space, or the area between objects and furniture, plays an integral part in interior design. It helps create an even and refined appearance while making any given room seem larger and more open.

Natural light can have an enormous effect on how a room feels, so it is crucial that it be taken into account during design decisions. Morning sun tends to be cooler and bluer while afternoon/evening sunlight tends to be warmer and redder.


Interior designers employ form in interior design by considering furniture, millwork and accessories as well as walls in a room when considering space layout. Form can be broken down further into geometric form (using shapes that feature clear lines of definition) and natural form (utilizing plant life and other natural elements in design) when considering their use in a design space.

Manipulating form carefully is key to designing holistic interior designs that fulfill client goals. Repetitive forms in ceiling ridges, floor patterns and wall contours create a cohesive scene while reinforcing brand persona. Eye-catching forms also serve to define boundaries and connect disparate design elements using thematic geometry; this expresses core values of brands.


Interior designers know it is critical to create environments that are functional yet aesthetically pleasing for their intended uses, combining aesthetic with practical considerations in order to empower occupants to live life comfortably and productively. This allows a skilled designer to deliver environments tailored specifically for business or private individuals.

At its heart lies color: it can help make spaces inviting, relaxing and revitalizing just by choosing complementary hues. A solid understanding of ergonomic design principles will also ensure comfort and livability are not compromised by style or by neglect of health and wellbeing considerations in design decisions.

Balance is key to any successful interior design project and could make the difference between wasteful spending and smart investments.

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